The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Unhcr), Filippo grandi, recognized this Thursday the “increasing pressure”That faces Mexico for the arrival of migrants, in statements after his visit to the country.
Mexico is today under increasing pressure with the continuous arrival of people with different and increasingly complex needs to its two borders, “said the international official, according to a statement from UNHCR.
The Italian visited three days Mexico, where it found that asylum applications have exceeded 116 thousand in 2021, which is already 46% higher than 2019, the year that had the highest registration.
The high commissioner promised that the Unhcr “It will continue to support” by citing that the agency has a local integration and relocation program from the south to the north of the country that has benefited more than 14 thousand refugees.
This program, implemented “successfully” in eleven cities in central and northern Mexico, could be extended to people with an alternative immigration regularization to asylum.
But Unhcr considered “urgent” to increase the budget of the Mexican Commission for Aid to Refugees (Comar).
“There can be no single answer – solutions have to be comprehensive, inclusive with a regional focus: it is crucial to strengthen the asylum system, ensure migration alternatives and effective integration,” said Grandi.
During his tour, the official met with Martha Delgado, Undersecretary for Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights of the Ministry of Foreign Relations (SRE), with whom he signed an agreement for 100 refugees and asylum seekers to study at universities in Mexico.
He also signed an agreement to strengthen the Comar with Alejandro Encinas, undersecretary of Human Rights, Population and Migration of the Ministry of the Interior (Segob).
In addition, he met with displaced people, migrants and asylum seekers in Mexico City, Tijuana and Guadalajara.
“The high commissioner confirmed that people with different protection needs are arriving in Mexico, many of Haitian nationality, who currently have no other option but to initiate their asylum application before the Comar,” according to the statement.
His visit occurs as the region experiences a record migratory flow to the United States, whose Customs and Border Protection (CBP) “found” more than 1.7 million undocumented immigrants on the border with Mexico in fiscal year 2021, which ended in September 30th.
Thus, Grandi “He recognized that there are many challenges” during his visit to Tijuana, “where he heard first-hand stories of people with international protection needs, and was able to observe the complex dynamics on the US-Mexico border.”
This Thursday, the high commissioner continues his working tour of the region, in which he will visit El Salvador and Guatemala, where he will attend the annual meeting of the Comprehensive Regional Framework for Protection and Solutions (Mirps).
With information from EFE